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"Hmph. They couldn't beat us... so they decided to BE us. How odd."
― Ludwig, Bowser Jr.'s Journey

Ludwig Von Koopa, or simply Ludwig /ˈludwɪɡ/[1], is the oldest and leader of the Koopalings. Being the oldest, he displays great skill and is fourth in line for control of the Koopa Troop, after Bowser, Bowser Jr., and Kamek. He is 15 years old.


Ludwig is an intelligent scientist who invented gadgets for his father. Arrogant and conceited, he considers himself to be a genius and regularly boasts off his apparent brilliance. Sometimes, Ludwig is amazed by his siblings' skills and takes care of them.


Super Mario Bros. 3

Ludwig as seen in Super Mario Bros. 3

Ludwig appears as the last Koopaling battle before Bowser, in Pipe Land. His jumps will cause an earthquake that paralyze Mario if he is on the ground. The player jumps on his head three times to defeat him.

The game’s official player’s guide claims that he is Bowser’s second-in-command and has all the powers of his siblings.

Super Mario World

Ludwig Von Koopa is the fourth boss of this game, appearing in Twin Bridges. The player must stomp his head three times to defeat him. Ludwig's battle is unique compared to the others. First, Ludwig spits fire until Mario stomps his head. Ludwig then retreats in his shell and spins across the ground. When he comes out, he will jump high and flip over Mario.

(According to the in-game text of Super Mario World, Ludwig composes Koopa symphonies, a play on the famous composer he is based on.)

Yoshi's Safari

In Yoshi's Safari, Ludwig is the second boss to fight. He rides in a mechanical brontosaurus. The red spot on its back is its weakspot. After that the arms of the mech will become legs and arms and the head will be the new body. When the body is destroyed, Ludwig will surrender the Amethyst Gem.

Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga/Mario & Luigi: Superstar Saga + Bowser's Minions

Ludwig appears as a boss and is the fourth Koopaling to be fought in this game, just like the order the Koopalings are fought in Super Mario World. Like the other Koopalings, he is found in Bowser's Castle.

Before his battle, he will go into his shell and spin around on the ground. Mario and Luigi must jump to avoid being hit. After a while he will come out of his shell, roar, and jump offscreen. When the Bros attempt to leave, Ludwig will reappear and go into battle.

In battle, Ludwig has 550 HP, 130 DEF, 93 SPEED, and drops 800 exp. points, 99 coins, and a 1-Up Super. The amount of exp. points and coins may be changed with E. Gadd's gadgets. In battle, he attacks by breathing fire, spinning rapidly around the Bros, and spinning in his shell.

In the remake, his battle consists of one attack. First, he will summon a massive orb of magic which is sent into the air. He will then use his wand to shoot blue magic flames at the Bros, who must use their hammers to destroy them. When the large magical ball comes down on one of the Bros, he must hammer it back. If he succeeds, Ludwig will instantly be defeated. If he fails, it is an instant Game Over.

Mario & Luigi: Paper Jam

Lugwig and Larry appear together at two points in the game to do battle with the Marios and Luigi. They utilize battle cards which act the same as the ones the protagonists have. When they successfully attack any character, they earn dark points and will spend them on cards which benefit them. Once their HP has been lowered enough they will fire and enormous blast of magic which deals a huge a mount of damage if not blocked. If countered properly this will defeat Ludwig.

New Super Mario Bros. Wii

Ludwig Von Koopa appears in New Super Mario Bros. Wii, and is the seventh boss in World 7. When Mario faces him in his fortress, he will turn away and snicker, then summon a deep blue magic flame from his wand that homes in on the plumber. He also is able to flutter jump. After being jumped on three times, he retreats to his castle.

At his castle, Kamek will use a magic spell to assist Ludwig. The battlefield is three quickly rising platforms. Ludwig will shoot four deep blue flames from his wand (which move slower and in a fan pattern), then leap into the air to choose another platform to stand on, usually the one Mario is currently on. After being stomped on the head three times, Ludwig is defeated, falling offscreen and yelling.

In this game, his hair and shell have become deep blue, and orange rings are around his shell's spikes.

Ludwig's first encounter in the tower.

New Super Mario Bros. 2

Ludwig reappears in the direct sequel of New Super Mario Bros. as a main antagonist alongside the other Koopalings and Bowser. He is the final Koopaling that needs to be fought to advance to the next world, but not the true final Koopaling as the player can beat Larry and Lemmy anytime. He drives the Clown Car that the Koopalings use to kidnap Princess Peach in the intro. In his boss fight, he will snicker again, then flutter jump to grab one of the five chains hanging from the ceiling. From there he will shoot deep blue fire from his wand. Mario must knock him off of the chain by going into a cannon and shooting at him. When he is stomped on the head three times, Ludwig is defeated.

New Super Mario Bros. U

Ludwig appears as the final boss of the Koopalings at Ludwig's Clockwork Castle. In battle, Ludwig flies up to the top of the screen and creates three clones of himself. The clones will then fire their magic spells at Mario, prompting him to dodge. As the battle progresses, Ludwig will shuffle himself and the clones around, making trying to find the true one a little more difficult. Once Ludwig is defeated, Mario can access the final world, Peach's Castle.

Ludwig 2.png

Mario Kart 8/Mario Kart 8 Deluxe

Ludwig returns in Mario Kart 8 and its Nintendo Switch port as a playable character along with the rest of his siblings. This marks the first time Ludwig is playable in a Mario game.

Other appearances

Minion Quest

Ludwig von Koopa is an obtainable trooper in Minion Quest. He is Ranged type, and his Special Skill is Chain Shot. He is fought in the levels Double Koopaling Caper in Bowser's Castle with Lemmy, and Goomba's Worth in the same area, with the other six Koopalings.

Bowser Jr.'s Journey

Ludwig's artwork from Bowser Jr.'s Journey.

Ludwig von Koopa is also an obtainable character in Bowser Jr.'s Journey. His type and Special Skill are the same, and his new First Officer skills are Negotiation and Stop And Drop. Ludwig is never fought, but a dark version of him appears as an enemy in the final battle of the game.

Other media

In the Nintendo Adventure Book Pipe Down!, Ludwig kidnapped Princess Toadstool to be in his dance recital, but she was saved by the Mario Bros. Until Mario and Luigi caused an explosion that shook his inner brain, he was deaf and could not hear his own music.

  • This may be a reference to his namesake, Ludwig van Beethoven, who was deaf.

Kooky Von Koopa.

In the cartoon series, he was named Kooky von Koopa and was the typical mad scientist character, inventing wicked devices for his father, Bowser, to use. The only major physical differences between Ludwig and Kooky is that Kooky has untamed hair, bigger eyes, a signature laugh, and is significantly smaller, girthwise.


  • Magic Wand: Ludwig can shoot magic flames from his wand like his siblings (except Wendy and Lemmy). His flames are colored deep blue.
  • Flutter Jump: Ludwig is able to flutter jump, similarly to a Yoshi. However, in New Super Mario Bros U, he can simply levitate instead.
  • Clone: Ludwig can create two clones of himself.


Main page: Ludwig von Koopa/Gallery